Nagaland

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Nagaland

The Land Of Warriors

Nagaland - Overview

Nagaland is a state in Northeast India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, nagaland Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Burma to the east and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. It has an area of 16,579 square kilometres (6,401 sq mi) with a population of 1,980,602 per the 2011 Census of India, making it one of the smallest states of India. The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes - Ao, Angami, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sumi, Chakhesang, Khiamniungan, Dimasa Kachari, Phom, Rengma, Sangtam, Yimchunger,Kuki, Zeme-Liangmai (Zeliang) and Pochury as well as a number of sub-tribes. Each tribe is unique in character with its own distinct customs, language and dress. Two threads common to all, are language and religion - English is in predominant use. Nagaland is one of three states in India where the population is mostly Christian.

Nagaland became the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963. Agriculture is the most important economic activity and the principal crops include rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes, and fibers. Other significant economic activity includes forestry, tourism, insurance, real estate, and miscellaneous cottage industries. The state has experienced insurgency as well as inter-ethnic conflict since the 1950s. The violence and insecurity have long limited Nagaland's economic development, because it had to commit its scarce resources on law, order and security. In the last 15 years, the state has seen less violence and annual economic growth rates nearing 10% on a compounded basis, one of the fastest in the region. The state is mostly mountainous except those areas bordering Assam valley. Mount Saramati is the highest peak with a height of 3,840 metres and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Burma. It lies between the parallels of 98-degrees and 96-degrees east longitude and 26.6-degrees and 27.4-degrees latitude north of the equator. The state is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna; it has been suggested as the "falcon capital of the world".

Top Places to Visit

Kohima War Cemetery

The War Cemetery in Kohima is a memorial dedicated to soldiers of the 2nd British Division of the Allied Forces who died in the Second World War at Kohima, the capital of Nagaland, India, in April 1944. The soldiers died on the battleground of Garrison Hill in the tennis court area of the Deputy Commissioner's residence. According to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC), which maintains this cemetery among many others in the world, there are 1,420 Commonwealth burials of the Second World War at this cemetery, and a memorial to an additional 917 Hindu and Sikh soldiers who were cremated in accordance with their faith.

Naga bazaar

The Naga bazaar is one place which can be considered as the nodal point for all roads to converge. The market is the main attraction of the city and is famous for the trading of live stock. The definition of live stock is a bit comprehensive at Nagaland; it consists of all living things including the favourite Naga dish, the black dog.

Kohima Zoo

It is one of the prominent attractions of Kohima, is frequented by tourists visiting the destination. This zoo is home to the rare bird specie, tragopan bird, which is the state bird of Nagaland. Wild buffalo, popularly known as Mithun, can also be seen in this zoological park. Besides, golden langur is another animal species that can be seen in this park. This zoo is famous for various other activities like bird watching and nature trips.

Mokokchung

It is one of the districts in Nagaland, the Home of the Ao Naga tribe. It covers an area of 1,615 sq km. It is bounded by Assam to its north, Wokha to its west, Tuensang to its east, and Zunheboto to its south. The physiography of the district shows six distinct hill ranges. The ranges are more or less parallel to each other and runs southeast direction. Explore the world of Mokokchung.

Dzukou Valley

The Dzukou Valley is a valley located at the border of the Indian states of Nagaland and Manipur . It can be reached in five hours of trek from Mt. Isii of Senapati district of Manipur. The new five-hour trek route was opened by MMTA (Manipur Mountaineering and Trekking Association). This valley is well known for its natural beauty, seasonal flowers and the overall flora and fauna.

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